Technology

EMPIRE HYDROGEN FUEL ENHANCEMENT SYSTEM™
HERE'S HOW IT WORKS

4-Stroke-Engine

The efficiency of the normal Internal Combustion Engine (ICE) is about 20%

In an Internal Combustion Engine, high-energy petroleum-based fuels are vapourized, injected, contained, compressed and ignited to generate enormous pressure which applies force to move a piston in each of the engine's cylinders. Linear movement of the piston is converted to rotational energy, which is used to drive the vehicle's wheels. However, due to the relatively slow flame speed in the air/fuel mixture and the limited time available for burning of the fuel in the engine's cylinders during the power stroke, combustion of the fuel is incomplete, resulting in power inefficiencies and unburned byproducts.

Hydrogen burns nearly one order of magnitude faster than petroleum fuels (almost 10 times as fast), and its flames can travel closer to colder zones in the cylinder. Introducing a precise mixture of hydrogen and oxygen into the engine's air intake causes the fuel to burn faster and more completely, significantly improving engine performance, increasing gas "mileage", and reducing harmful emissions. The very small amount of hydrogen involved is not significant as an energy source, but it acts much like a catalyst, causing more efficient combustion of the engine's fuel.

Wherefore Hydrogen?

Hydrogen is the simplest and most abundant element in the universe; its most common occurrence on earth is in water. It has been known since 1800 that water may be separated into its two elemental components, hydrogen and oxygen, by electrolysis.

Introducing the Empire Hydrogen Fuel Enhancement System™

Distilled water does not conduct electricity, so an electrolyte (potassium hydroxide - chemical symbol 'KOH') is added to the water to allow it to conduct an electric current. An electrical potential of ~12 volts DC is applied to electrodes in the system's cells, which contain water and the KOH electrolyte. The 2:1 mixture of H2 and O2 gases produced is referred to as 'hydroxy gas', sometimes abbreviated as 'HHO'.

The Empire Hydroxy Generator consists of a number of cells of several stainless steel plates, each accurately spaced by insulating gaskets containing holes for the electrolyte (water + KOH) and the HHO gas produced. The cells are connected to each other electrically and mechanically by stainless steel bolts.

The current through the cells is controlled by system's proprietary Constant Current Pulse Width Modulator, optimizing the amount of hydrogen and oxygen generated at all times. This rugged unit, the heart of the Empire Hydrogen Fuel Enhancement System™, has no moving parts. It is sealed in a protective module and fused to a large heat sink to provide optimal cooling.

In the Empire Hydrogen Fuel Enhancement System™, hydrogen is generated "on demand", and produced only when the engine is running. It is not stored on the vehicle and it is not used as a fuel. When introduced into the engine's air intake, the hydrogen acts much like a catalyst, dramatically improving the combustion of the vehicle's regular fuel in the engine's cylinders. More effective fuel combustion results in lower fuel consumption, reduced harmful exhaust emissions, and more power and torque.